加权平台直方图均衡化的低照图像增强
Low light image enhancement based on weighted plateau histogram equalization
投稿时间:2022-11-28  修订日期:2023-03-01
DOI:
中文关键词:  低照图像增强  加权平台直方图  HSV空间  3σ原则  Retinex
英文关键词:low light image enhancement  weighted plateau histogram  HSV space  3σ principle  Retinex
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位邮编
邹群艳* 南昌工学院 330108
孙小迎 南昌工学院 
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中文摘要:
      为了进一步有效地提升低照图像的亮度、对比度和清晰度,提出了加权平台直方图均衡化的低照图像增强方法。该方法充分利用HSV颜色空间中明度分量V与色调H和饱和度S的独立性,将图像转换到HSV颜色空间;用具有良好边缘保持能力的双边滤波,将明度分量Retinex分解为光照图像和反射图像;对光照图像进行加权双平台直方图均衡化,其中,上、下平台阈值由正态分布的3σ原则自适应地确定,加权系数反比于灰度级对应的直方图频次。实验结果显示,相对于部分现有方法,本文方法增强后的图像效果较好、对应的信息熵和平均梯度分别比现有方法高出0.35和12以上,证明了本文方法具有更优的低照图像增强性能。
英文摘要:
      To further improve the brightness, contrast and definition of the low light image effectively, a low light image enhancement method based on weighted plateau histogram equalization is proposed. Taking full advantage of that the lightness component V is independent of the hue H and the saturation S in the HSV color space, this method converts the image to HSV color space, and by the bilateral filtering which has good edge-preserving ability, the lightness component V is Retinex decomposed into illumination image and reflection image. The illumination image is subjected to the weighted dual plateau histogram equalization, in which, the upper plateau threshold and the lower plateau threshold are determined adaptively by the principle of 3σ in normal distribution, and the weighting coefficient is inversely proportional to the histogram frequency of the gray level. The experimental results show that, the proposed method is superior to some existing methods, the effect of its enhanced image is better, and the corresponding information entropy and average gradient are higher than the existing methods by more than 0.35 and 12, respectively, which proves that the proposed method has better low light image enhancement performance.
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